Only if we could spend the entire day inside our house without having to step under the sun, we could have completely protected ourselves from the ultraviolet radiations. Yeah, well, that’s not a practically doable thing for most of us – not for some time to come, anyway. If you are going out for grocery shopping, you will need to face the sun. If you are going to work, you cannot avoid sun. Even if you have nothing to do, you cannot spend the rest of your life indoors and protect yourself from ultraviolet radiations that are the part of sun rays. Of course, you can minimize the exposure to UV rays by trying to stay indoors as much as possible, but you cannot possibly avoid it all the time. Therefore, there has to be other ways to do it. Here are some ways with which you can help protect yourself from the harmful ultraviolet radiations.
What Is Ultraviolet Radiation And What Are Its Effects?
There is a part of the light spectrum which is visible to the naked eyes. The sun rays that fall on the objects and cause you to see them are the part of the visible light spectrum. Beyond that, there are light radiations that a human eye cannot see. Some of them are infrared, X rays, and ultraviolet radiation. Although ultraviolet rays are the best source of Vitamin D but too much exposure to it can cause several skin diseases including skin wrinkling, sunburns, damage to the eye and also cancer in certain extreme cases. Sun is not the only source of UV rays. However, it is the common source to which the humans are exposed to. Since ultraviolet rays cannot be felt or seen by us, they cause damage without us even knowing about it. This makes it even more dangerous. The level of UV exposure depends upon the geographical and climatic conditions. For instance, during rainy and cloudy days, the sun rays are blocked and so the UV radiation is also less. If you are living at high altitude, UV radiation is less there as well.
Be Cautious About It During Winters
Our skin gets exposed to the UV rays the most during the winter season. This is because during winters we want to be out under the sun. Since it is cold, sun rays bring warmth and comfort. But with comfort they also bring the UV rays. So you need to be more protective about your skin during winters. Perhaps it is almost impossible to not go out in the sun on a winter noon. Therefore, it is advisable that you take enough measures to minimize the UV exposure.
The best way to cut down the UV rays to your body is by covering your body with ample amount of clothes. Make sure that very little amount of your body is exposed to the sun light. If however, you are out on the beach for sun baking your body will get more exposed to the sun rays. There are several anti-UV lotions available in the market which protect your skin from ultraviolet radiations. These lotions are generally referred to as sunscreen lotions.
Use The Sunscreen Properly And Liberally
Sunscreen does block the UV rays to some extent but it does not block it completely. Even if you have applied the sunscreen, some UV rays will still be able to get through. If you are planning to stay longer in the sun, make sure that you apply the sunscreen generously to all the body parts which will remain exposed. All the sunscreens come with sun protection factor (SPF). The higher the SPH the more will be protection from the UV rays. If you are buying a sunscreen with SPF 15 it will block sun rays lesser than the one with the label of SPF 40. There are certain sunscreens which are labeled as high as SPF 100. Although none of these lotions block the UV rays completely, you can still prevent your skin to a pretty good level. The higher the SPF level the more expensive the lotion will be. Make sure that you apply the sunscreen evenly and liberally to all the exposed body parts.