What are Bruises?
Bruises, also known as contusions, result when the capillaries underneath the surface of the skin are ruptured and this then allows the blood to flood around the tissue which surrounds it, resulting in the reddish/purple appearance of a bruise.
Why Do Some People Bruise So Easily?
Many people wonder why it is that some of us can get a bruise from a small nudge and others don’t bruise from a much bigger knock. There are various reasons why some people tend to bruise easier than others and here are some of the most common causes:
- Bruises tend to occur more frequently and easily on people who suffer with platelet and blood coagulation disorders.
- People who have a deficiency of Vitamin C tend to be more disposed to bruising.
If you appear to have more than the usual number of bruises and you believe it is becoming excessive then you should consult a doctor to see if there is an underlying cause. You should also consult a doctor if you experience spontaneous bruising of any kind.
Treatments For Bruises
Once you have a bruise, there is no magic cure that allows you to immediately get rid of it. They only things you can do are to help reduce the swelling around the area, cover up the mark itself and apply some methods of pain relief to ease the pain and speed up the healing process.
Bruise Pain Remedies
- Acetaminophen (Tylenol) – This can be taken to help deal with the pain. This product can be bought over the counter, always follow the usage instructions on the label.
- Ice pack – This can be applied directly to the bruise and will reduce the pain and work to minimize the swelling in the area.
- Cold compress or ice pack will reduce swelling and help to alleviate the pain caused by the bruise.
- You can help to reduce swelling by raising the bruised area above heart level.
- Appling a compression bandage, an ACE bandage for example, to the area will help to restrict blood flow to the area and reduce swelling. Though this will help with the symptoms, it is likely to hinder the overall proper healing process.
- Arnica cream applied to the area will help to speed up the healing process and flush out the trapped blood.
- Vitamin E or K cream can be directly applied to the bruise to aid healing.
If your bruise should become more painful over time or increase in its shape or size then you should consult a medical professional as this could be a sign of an underlying medical problem.
Hiding a Bruise
If you need to cover up an unsightly bruise for a while then there are certain ways in which you can cover up the area to mask the signs of bruising. Any make up foundation product will work to cover up a bruise and you can find the ideal colour for your specific skin tone from any department store of chemist.