A human body is made of plenty of hair follicles which are wholly and solely responsible for the way we look. Usually these hair follicles perform the task of lubricating the skin and hair follicles, but when any damage is caused to these hair follicles or they get infected by any chance, a disease called folliculitis is experienced by the person.
There are basically two kinds of folliculitis which are deep and superficial.
- Pseudomonas folliculitis is also called hot tub folliculitis. It is caused by the Pseudomonas bactera and brings out raised bumps red in colour which itch a lot and later develop to pustules filled with pus.
- Staphylococcal folliculitis- This type manifests itself through raised bumps white in colour that are also very itchy and and are filled with pus. These bumps can form in any part of your body. The involved bacteria that infects hair follicles is known as Staphylococcus aureus bacteria. If it is located in the beard area of men, it is called barber’s itch.
- Pesudofolliculitis barbae is also an inflammation in the beard area of men, although it only affects men with curly beards. It is not caused by any bacteria or fungi, but rather by shaved hairs that curve back into the skin. There is usually inflammation and in rare cases, keloikjjcars.
- Pityrosporum folliculitis is especially common in young and middle-aged adults. It manifests itself through itchy pustules that are red in colour and form on the chest and back. It is caused by a yeast-like fungus.
- Tinae barbae usually develops in the beard area of men and is caused by a fungus rather than a bacteria. It results to itchy bumps that are white in colour. The skin sorrounding the area may also get a reddening effect. In more serious cases, it produces nodules that are filled with pus which crust later on and also come along swollen lymph nodes and fever.
Gram-negative folliculitis is caused by an imbalance of bacteria in the nose, leading to an overgrowth of harmful bacteria called gram-negative bacteria. The result is the production of new acne lesions that can sometimes be severe.
Eosinophilic folliculitis produces patches of sores on the skin that are inflammed and filled with pus and also recur. The exact bacteria causing this type of folliculitis is not defined, although the same yeast-like fungus responsible for pityrospurum folliculitis may be involved.
Treatment for Folliculitis
Certain home-made remedies as well as other ways that can help in treatment of folliculitis are:
- Taking anti-bacterial treatment– Most cases of folliculitis are caused by bacteria. Your doctor may prescribe antibacterial medication in either topical (cream) or oral (tablets, pills) form; however, be sure to take these under your doctor’s prescription. You may be allergic to certain antibacterial drugs and your doctor will be able to provide you with the right one to use.
- Using warm compress on the affected area- If you take a compress with the right warmth and apply it on the area of infection severally in a day, it can greatly aid to ease itchiness.
- Using anti-bacterial soaps- For folliculitis caused by bacteria, you can also try antibacterial soaps aside from topical treatments. Wash the affected area thoroughly. Doing so may prevent other bacteria from gaining entry to the skin and worsening the situation.
- Avoid the act of sharing towels and wash clothes-There is a risk of contamination of bacteria if you share your towels and personal wash clothes with others. Wash them immediately after using.
The most severe cases of folliculitis may cause permanent hair loss on the affected area of the skin, and even formation of ugly scars. Seek treatment soonest possible so as to be assured of a smooth and clear skin for years to come.