Glaucoma is a serious condition of the eye, which causes loss of vision damaging the optic nerves. Glaucoma is caused by excess intraocular pressure. Intraocular pressure or IOP is the internal pressure, which helps in retaining the shape of the eye and lets it function properly. When this pressure becomes more than what is needed the eyeball tends to pop.
If a patient is suffering from glaucoma then it means he has too much of intraocular pressure that is damaging the optic nerves. Glaucoma gradually leads to loss of vision. Glaucoma can, however, be late to be detected. Glaucoma can be of two types:
Primary open-angle glaucoma: This can be the most serious kind of glaucoma, as it does not have any symptoms as such, and cannot be detected until the stage is advanced. Tunnel vision is often a previous state of this type of glaucoma.
Acute angle-closure glaucoma: With the physical blockage of normal drainage canals of the eyes, there is a sudden increase of intra ocular pressure. Development of this type of glaucoma can cause blindness in a day or two, and thus, immediate treatment and medication is needed. Symptoms of acute angle-closure glaucoma include:
- Severe pain
- Blurriness of vision
- Reddening of eyes
- Seeing of halos around light sources
How to get rid of the serious eye condition of glaucoma:
Proper eye protection: If your work requires you to sit in front of the computer for long hours or your work puts a lot of strain on your eyes, try and protect your eyes. There are several types of eye gears that would protect your eyes, and reduce the chances of glaucoma.
Get rid of all the stress: A lot of times glaucoma is triggered by too much of stress. Doing things that would help you to bring down your daily stress level then you can cut down on the chances of getting affected by glaucoma. A lot of stress-relieving exercise classes have been opened in various places. Meditation is another form of excellent stress buster that you can practice.
Rich in vitamin diet: You have to make sure that your platter has a lot of nutritious food. Vitamin A, C, E and copper and zinc are good for the best functions of your eyes.
There are certain procedures of treatments that are available for glaucoma:
- Surgery – Laser, Conventional, and Drainage implants
- Neuroprotective drugs
- Oral medications
- Eye drops