Gum disease is a serious problem, and it often happens as a result of poor oral hygiene. Usually this is a condition that results from an excess of plaque (a smelly, yellow residue) building up on the teeth.
The bacterial from this plaque infects the bones and gum tissue supporting the teeth. Over time these areas of the body being break down, and one side effect is bad breath, and the other is tooth loss.
Symptoms and Types of Gum Disease
There are two main types of gum disease, gingivitis and periodontitis. Gingivitis is a condition of which the gums around the teeth are inflamed. The result is plaque stuck on tooth surfaces and gaps in between the gums, which leads to toxin and chemical buildup that causes inflammation.
Signs of gingivitis usually include bleeding or swollen gums, mouth sores and itching, and purple or bright-red gums. Pain when pressure is applied to the gums also may occur, and the gum-line may be receding.
Periodontitis a little bit different of a condition, in that the bacterial buildup causes inflammation which eventually leads to progressive bone loss around the teeth. Then, eventually tooth loss occurs. This is a more serious oral condition than gingivitis.
You know you may have periodontitis if you experience the following symptoms: recurring gum swelling, persistent metallic taste in the mouth, and extreme bath breath. Gum bleeding or redness when brush, flossing, or biting could occur. Deep pockets also sometimes form between the gums and teeth, and receding gum lines may occur before teeth are eventually lost.
To prevent or get rid of gum disease you should follow these tips:
- Make sure you clean your mouth good, not just your teeth. You should always brush your gum line as well as your teeth. You should also brush all the way to the back of your tongue as far as you can go, and do not forget under your tongue and the backside of your gums, and your palette. It would not hurt to also brush the inside of your cheeks, and use mouthwash. You should floss as often as possible.
- Eat food and drink substances that is healthy for your gums. For instance, keep alcohol and coffee to a minimum because it causes plaque or tarter buildup, as well tooth discoloration. You are advised also not to continuously eat sweet foods all the time because this leads to cavities. You are also advised to eat fruits and vegetables such as carrots or apples that act as a natural scrubber for the teeth. Try to keep the intake of starchy foods to a minimum as well.
- Stop smoking. This is in fact one of the leading causes of gum disease. The sooner you quit smoking the better off you will be. Even if you have gingivitis already there may be a chance of reversing the condition. At the very least, you can dramatically lessen the rate at which the gum disease has developed if you have it already.
- Visit the dentist regularly. Usually the recommendation is to visit the dentist at least once a year. Usually the purpose of this visit is to detect and mouth problems such as cavities, receding gum lines, and other oral problems. During this time you usually would also receive a thorough cleaning.