Unfortunately, menstrual cramps often occur during a woman’s menstrual cycle. It is believed they are caused by hormonal change that makes uterus contract. Most of the menstrual cramps are considered to be a normal, even integral part of a woman’s cycle. Still, it doesn’t mean you have to suffer through them every month.
Here’s what you can do to get rid of menstrual cramps:
Apply heat to the affected areas. Put heating pads or a wet towel to your lower abdomen and back, or other parts of your body that are affected by the pain. You may also take a hot bath or sauna to relieve the pain. Just remember that the heat will probably make the bleeding stronger, so you must use additional tampons or pads.
Exercise. You will probably just want to curl when you’re in pain, but getting up and moving around is essential for removing the pain. Do a light cardio workout or Pilates. It will help you stretch muscles and you will feel better afterwards. Alternatively, you may do a series of stretching exercises. An effective pelvic stretching exercise is to sit on the floor with your legs pressing the soles of your feet together. Once in this position, bend forward. Another good stretching exercise is to curl up in the fetal position. Stay in this position for a few minutes, and then stretch out your legs. These light forms of exercise can help you relieve the pain. Don’t overdo it, though. Intense exercise can make you feel exhausted and in pain.
Maintain a healthy diet. Resist the urge to eat sweets and junk food during menstruation. Women often crave these things, but this kind of food can make the cramps worse. Eat lots of fruits and vegetables instead. You need to maintain a regular intake of vitamins and minerals. Calcium and magnesium are particularly important for preventing menstrual cramps.
Drink plenty of water. Staying hydrated helps relieving menstrual cramps. Drink water, juices and herbal teas.
Avoid alcohol and coffee.
Take a pain reliever. If everything else fails, you may consider taking an over-the-counter pain reliever. Consult your pharmacist. There are pain relievers specifically designed for relieving menstrual cramps, so they may help. Just remember to follow the instructions and never take more than the recommended dosage. That can bring more harm than good.
Consult your doctor, especially if cramps are unusually strong. Intense, prolonged pain might be a symptom of a secondary dysmenorrhea. This is a serious condition that requires medical attention. Secondary dysmenorrhea is a symptom of a gynecological problem, such as endometriosis, uterine fibroids or pelvic inflammatory disease, even pelvic tumors. That’s why it’s essential to seek medical help if you suffer intense menstrual cramps. Even if you’re otherwise healthy, your doctor can prescribe medication to help you relieve the pain. Oral contraceptives proved to be effective for relieving menstrual cramps.