Sunstroke is a very serious condition that people suffer when their body’s heat regulating system cannot overcome the extreme heat they are being exposed to. This condition is not to be taken lightly as it is potentially life threatening. You should take every precaution to prevent your body from being overheated to this extreme.
What Causes Sunstroke?
When you subject your body to excessively hot and humid conditions for an extended period of time, especially if you are performing physically demanding actions you are putting yourself at risk of sunstroke.
Other causes include:
- High fevers from some illnesses
- Some medical conditions such as diabetes place you at greater risk
- Strenuous exercising
- Becoming dehydrated causes the volume of your blood in your body to9 be reduced, and thus causes the temperature of the body to rise
- Overindulging in alcohol can cause dehydration that leads to sunstroke conditions
- Overeating can cause the condition to happen more quickly
- High humidity makes it harder for the body to sweat so it increases the chances of sunstroke
- Being overdressed for the weather
- The loss of sodium as well as chloride from your body
Who are at the Greatest Risk for Sunstroke?
- The elderly
- Young children
- People who suffer from chronic conditions like diabetes, congestive heart failure, alcoholism, and arteriosclerosis.
- People who have conditions that affect their ability to sweat like; the condition of severe scleroderma, people born with no sweat glands, and even ectodermal dysplasia
- People on medications like anti depressants, and antihistamines, as well as those taking diuretics for fluid retention, and medication for the treatment of Parkinson’s disease.
- People who engage in strenuous outdoor activities
Learn to Recognize the Warning Signs of Becoming Overheated
Before a person succumbs to sunstroke, or a heat stroke, they suffer from heat exhaustion. Their body sends them warning signs to let them know they are dangerously close to having a heat stroke. These warnings include:
- A feeling of weakness or fatigue
- Body Cramps
- Urine that is dark yellow or even orange in color
- Profuse sweating
- A pulse that is weak, or is rapid
- Becoming dizzy or feeling faint
- Tense muscles that ache
All of these are warnings that you need to stop what you are currently doing and allow your body to cool down.
Signs and Symptoms of Sunstroke
Sometimes the symptoms that manifest during a sunstroke are the same symptoms that were occurring during heat exhaustion. The difference is the fact that the symptom will be more pronounced during a heat stroke. If you have any of the following symptoms and believe you may be suffering from a heat stroke seek immediate medical attention.
- An elevated body temperature
- Skin that feels hot and dry
- Not sweating while you are in the heat
- Mental confusion
- Weakness in your body
- Becoming flushed or skin that appears pale or purple
- Drink plenty of cool water or sports drink.
- If you notice you are getting tired find a shady area or a sheltered area to sit under.