Thrombophlebitis is the condition experienced by a person when blood clots in his blood vessels. This blood clotting results in inflammation. Most of the times, the swelling and infection are seen in the legs of the patients, but the swelling and infection can also appear on neck and arms. It is important for us to understand the causes of the disease, before going for treatment. An injury to the vein is one of the major causes behind blood clots. In some situations, you might face this problem due to an inherited clotting disorder. Inactivity can also be a reason behind thrombophlebitis. Other risk factors might include obesity, paralysis, smoking, birth control pills after hormone therapy, cancers and pregnancy.
There are very rare cases of complications for Thrombophlebitis, provided that it is superficial. However, if the clot is in deep vein, it might lead to certain complications due to deep vein thrombosis. For one thing, it may cause pulmonary embolism. In case of pulmonary embolism, the clot travels towards the lungs of the person and becomes dislodged. The deep vein thrombosis is also capable of causing certain threats including heart attack and stroke. If a person is already having congenital heart defects, he or she may face heart attack due to thrombosis. The clot is most likely to block the artery that can lead to immediate stroke. If the clot accumulates in the veins of the patient, it causes varicose veins. If the veins of a person swell due to clotting, stasis pigmentation occurs, which increases the pressure in the blood vessels.
There are a number of treatments that are being used by physicians to solve the problem. Some of the most common solutions are given below:
Blood thinners might be used by your physicians, for getting rid of the clot in your vessels. However, if it is not prescribed for you, you may be required to buy a filter. A filter is inserted in by the surgeons into the vena cava, in order to prevent the clot for entering the lungs.
2. Compression stockings
Support stockings are suggested by most doctors in order to reduce the swelling on the affected leg. It also helps in eliminating the pain.
3. Clot removal
Surgery is the only solution for removing the clot, if the artery or vein of your pelvis gets blocked.
4. Varicose vein stripping
This treatment is mostly done for cosmetic purposes. The affected vein having a clot is removed through surgery. It doesn’t require you to stay in the hospital, for days. The patient can easily resume his or her normal activities after a few days of taking treatment.
Angioplasty is considered as one of the most popular procedures that are being used by physicians to remove clots from the blood vessels. This procedure includes a small surgery through which a small stent is installed intoyour vein in order to keep it open.
Antibiotics and analgesics are used for eliminating pain and infections. Applying heat to the area can also decrease the swelling and pain.