There are numerous addictions that affect humans, but nothing is possibly as harmful as drug addiction. This wrecks havoc on mental and physical health of the addicts and gradually leads them to self destruction. There are so many types of drugs and they can be used in various ways including smoking, drinking, through injection and also with foods.
People take to drugs for a number of reasons. The most prominent reasons are-
- Peer pressure
- Experimenting mostly in adolescence
- Finding an outlet from stress/personal trauma
- Work pressure, insecurity
No matter what the reason is, it is important to look out for signs and symptom of drug abuse. The good thing is you can spot signs of drug abuse in people around you when you are careful. If the addiction can be traced in early stage, it becomes easier to help the affected person get rid of the habit, irrespective of gender.
Drug Abuse Signs And Symptoms
As a matter of fact, various drugs can trigger various effects on users and the amount of impact will also varies from one addict to another. It is noteworthy that all such symptoms may not manifest in a victim of drug abuse. However, the signs and symptoms can broadly be classified into two categories- Physical and behavioural signs.
- Red eyes
- Reduction in appetite
- Lack of sleep
- Temper Loss at small things, irritability
- Rapid heart rate
- Problem in concentrating
Apart from the physical signs, victims of drug abuse also show some noticeable changes in their behaviour. This can affect both their professional and personal interactions. Major behavioural signs of drug addiction can include:
- Unexpected Performance deficit at work
- Spending even when in economic hardship.
- Impaired driving and resultant issues
Dealing With People Exhibiting Drug Abuse Signs & Symptoms
It is true that some of the symptoms and signs of drug addiction can resemble those of stress and depression. However, drug abuse affects all aspects of life of the victim. You can notice unexpected behavioural changes in the person or withdrawal symptoms. If you keep eyes open and observe such a person in your family, friend circle or even in professional circles, helping him or her will be easier.
You can resort to the following methods to find out whether a person close to you is getting addicted to drugs and help him or her out accordingly.
- Be cautious when a friend, relative or colleague is behaving in a way that marks a drastic shift in attitude. For example, watch out for an otherwise outspoken person turning shy or vice versa. Some drug addicts may also become subjected to bipolar disorder, showing extreme shifts in temperaments unexpectedly.
- Look out for lack of hygiene in a person who is being suspected for drug abuse. Drug addicts often do not pay attention to grooming and cleanliness.
- If it is a colleague whose change of behaviour is rigging the alarm bell at the back of your mind, watch out for signs of unexpected lack of efficiency at work. Experts feel that drug addiction can lead to concentration deficits, eventually paving way for errors at workplace. Other traits are absenteeism and disorganization at work.
- Some drug addicts may become reclusive and start skipping social events more than earlier.
- Another way to spot if someone is under influence of drug abuse is conversing with them on intellectually stimulating topics. You can smell the rat if they do not respond appropriately or talk illogically. Some victims also suffer from slurred speech.
- Some drugs, including marijuana and hallucinogenic drugs can result in dilated pupils. Depressant drugs can result in contracted pupils. Marijuana addicts often get bloodshot eyes.
Ways To Deal With People Exhibiting Symptoms of Drug Addiction
You need to act cautiously when you feel someone in your friend circle or family is resorting to drug abuse. There is no fixed formula but you need to work on your rapport with the concerned man or woman.
Try talking to him or her in the way that will make him or her comfortable. Some victims realize the loopholes of addiction and seek help to get rid of it while there are others who cling to the substance as a saviour! Professional help can be sought in latter instances. In any case, do not react sharply at the behavioural changes exhibited by the victim and offer support in a caring yet balanced way.