It looks as if there is a sudden surge in the number of people who are gluten intolerant. And, it seems women are more prone to this intolerance. Studies suggest that many pregnant women, who despite having zero issues with gluten till then, showcase a sudden intolerance. Well! That is quite true as female hormonal imbalances that happen during pregnancy and menopause have found to play a vital role in transforming the gluten sensitivity.
So, what exactly causes this intolerance in pregnant women? What are the triggers? And, is it something that requires your immediate attention? That’s what exactly this article talks.
Gluten Intolerance In Pregnant Women
What causes this sudden change? As mentioned above, the change in the levels of progesterone and estrogen is what brings in this not-so-friendly changes in pregnant women. Gliadin, which is present in various gluten-based grains, is the trigger factor. People inherit gliadin sensitivity, but it might be on a very subtle levels until this hormones start swaying around. When this particular gliadon molecule coalesces with transglutaminase, an enzyme, a series of autoimmune reaction is triggered in the small intestine. This, in turn, leads to inflammation and stomach pain and other symptoms of gluten tolerance.
Wheat, barley, rye, kamut, and spelt are known to be gluten-rich grains while people have not still reached a conclusion about oats.
The Dangers of Gluten Intolerance
Gluten intolerance, if diagnosed well ahead, should be taken care of immediately. Inadequate and improper care of this condition could lead to malabsorption syndrome. It slowly eats away the villi that lines the small intestine, thereby hampering with quality nutrient absorption. This, in turn, paves the way for chronic digestive issues, including bloating, constipation, flatulence, and gas.
While mood swings and depression are quite common in pregnant women, those who have gluten tolerance exhibit these psychological disorders more. Such women are also prone to improper calcium absorption, thereby leading to inadequate growth and development of the fetus. The bones become weak and they experience constant pain in their limbs.
Gluten intolerance could even lead to miscarriage and intra-uterine death of the fetus. The pregnant women are also at a risk of developing anemia, which could lead to several complications in pregnancy and delivery. Studies conducted on the impacts of gluten intolerance during pregnancy suggest that the infants are at a higher risk of developing various psychological and psychiatric conditions such as Schizophrenia later in their lives.
Handling Glucose Intolerance During Pregnancy
A number of changes across various factors, including diet, lifestyle, and behavioral aspects could help in easing the symptoms of this condition. Check with your doctor before you try out something as pregnancy is a very delicate condition.
Opt For A Gluten-Free Diet
There are numerous food variants you could try. You have to do a complete overhaul of your diet to ensure that each and everything you eat is literally gluten free. Since wheat, barley, rye, and spelt contain gluten, you would have to avoid breads and other grain-based products. Plus, you would also have to eliminate ice cream, meats, soy sauce, and baked goods from your diet. Choose for grains such as rice and include more vegetables and fruits in your diet.
Include Yogurt In The Diet
Along with being free from gluten, the presence of probiotic bacteria in yogurt helps it to calm your gut. It improves the digestive issues and gifts you with a good dose of calcium essential during pregnancy.
There are countless nutritional supplements such as goldenseal and olive leaf extracts available in the market that could help you in combating gluten intolerance. However, it is always advisable to check with the doctor before you try something.