What are The Symptoms of a Vaginal Infection?
A vaginal Infection commonly manifests itself as soreness and inflammation in the vaginal region, sometimes also involving the external genitalia or vulva. There might be other features like redness, pain in abdomen, itching inside the vagina and external genitals, painful burning during urination, discomfort during sexual intercourse and abnormal vaginal discharge. Increase in quantity, change in consistency, greyish colour or fishy smell of discharge are alarming signals.
Causes Behind Vaginal Infection?
The cause behind vaginal infection could be bacterial, viral or fungal. Anything that lowers the acidity of vagina is said to be responsible behind vaginal inflammation this is because the normal Ph of vagina is slightly acidic that protects the vagina from infections. However, if the Ph changes the normal resident bacteria of vagina stop symbiotically coexisting with body and multiply to cause infection. Any deviation from normalcy always causes problems. It occurs due to poor hygiene, unhealthy sexual practices. Other risk factors that increase the tendency of contracting a vaginal infection in ladies are: prolonged antibiotics, stress, hormonal fluctuations, Diabetes, contraceptive pills and pregnancy.
Prevention And Control of Vaginal Infection
Keep the vaginal area moisture free. Wear cotton panties and clothing. Change your underwear on daily basis. Wear loose clothing. After using the washroom, always dry yourself thoroughly using tissue papers. Do not roam around in wet swimsuits. Always wipe from front to back after urinating or defecating.
While you are experiencing an acute phase, avoid sexual activity , avoid use of tampons, overuse of a single sanitary pad or use of any other chemicals like fragrances, soaps or talcum powders in that area. Also, wash your inner wear using a disinfecting soap and hot water. You may also add some liquid vinegar or dettol liquid to the water.
Before I move to remedy part, I must say that all these home remedies and treatment modalities are based on in depth reading from internet. These are not meant to replace any kind of medical treatment or advice. However, most of these are pretty harmless ones and can be safely used as adjunct to your what ever medicines your gynae practitioner prescribes.
Home Remedies To Treat Vaginal Infection
Consume yoghurt in ample quantities throughout the day. If you can get probiotic yoghurt from somewhere, even better. Probiotic yoghurt contains live bacteria called Lactobacillus Acidophilus that helps in normalising bacterial flora in all mucous membranes including vagina. Diluted with some water, you can also apply yoghurt locally on the affected parts.
Using Boric Acid Locally Might Be Helpful.
Include garlic in your meals or you may even eat it raw. Garlic is known for it’s anti fungal properties.
Take vitamin supplements, especially, Vitamin A, C and E. Vitamin A maintains the health of lining surfaces of body. Vitamin C, 500 mg each day should be taken in form of citrus fruits like Oranges, Lemons, Amla or Berries, especially Cranberries or Vitamin C ( Ascorbic Acid ) in tablet form. Vitamin E supplements, 200 IU. These help in increasing body’s resistance to infection.
Increase the intake of essential fatty acids in form of flax seeds, nuts or some supplements, as prescribed by your doctor. Also, taking Magnesium and Calcium supplements is believed to be helpful.
Medical Treatment of Vaginal Infection
You need definite treatment for vaginal infection. Your gynae would examine you and probably take a swab for culture and sensitivity. She might prescribe you certain anti microbials to be taken orally and ointments for local application and even certain tablets to be placed inside vagina. You might also be given some anti inflammatory.