Like most people, you probably don’t even think about taking precautions to avoid a brain injury. What you need to understand is that most of your daily activities can result in a possibility of accidentally damaging your brain. This includes simple activities, such as playing sports, driving your car, or riding a bike. While there is a huge chance that you won’t be involved in an accident or get injured when performing these activities, it is still imperative to be aware of the possibility so that you won’t unknowingly put yourself in danger.
What Is A Brain Injury And What Causes It?
A head injury is any type of trauma that results in injury to the scalp, skull, or brain. The injury may only be a simple bump on the skull or a serious brain injury. A brain injury means that the victim’s brain has been damaged. This type of head injury has two categories:
1. Traumatic Brain Injury: This usually occurs when something hits the victim’s head or when something penetrates the skull. This type of injury can be broken down into two categories:
- Closed Brain Injury: This is caused by a hit to the head or a concussion. The impact forces the victim’s head in the opposite direction; therefore, the brain rebounds inside the skull.
- Open Brain Injury: This occurs when something penetrates the brain, such as gunshot wound. This type of head injury is more visible and can result in life-changing consequences- and in worst cases, it can result in death.
2. Non-Traumatic Brain Injury: This is the type of brain injury that happens naturally to the brain. For instance, when the individual develops a brain tumor or suffers a stroke.
The common causes of brain injury include:
- Car accidents
- Slip and fall accidents
- Physical assault
- Sports accidents
Although some of these injuries are minor, it is still important to get checked. Keep in mind that suffering from a head injury can result in life-altering consequences and it can also result in developmental problems in the future. If you ever get hit on your head or get into an accident, no matter how minor the accident was, immediately consult a doctor and get checked out, says the injury attorneys at Fannin Litigation Group, P.S. Doing so will help you make sure that you did not suffer a brain injury. In addition, if the accident was caused by another individual, getting checked, filing a lawsuit, and getting legal assistance will help you receive a fair settlement.
How Will I Know If I Suffered A Brain Injury?
The symptoms of a brain injury can occur immediately or it may develop slowly after a few hours or days. Even if your skull is not fractured, the brain can still suffer from damages inside the skull. The skull may seem fine but the problem might result in bleeding or swelling of the brain. The initial signs and symptoms of mild traumatic brain injury are:
- Experience blackout for a few seconds or minutes
- Feeling confused or dazed
- Memory problems
- Nausea and vomiting
- Loss of balance
- Blurred vision, ringing in the ears
- Feeling depressed or changes in mood swings
The symptoms of severe traumatic brain injury include:
- Slurred speech
- Persistent headache
- Dilation of both pupils in the eyes
- Seizures and convulsions
- Numbness in fingers and toes
It is very crucial to immediately recognize signs of head or brain injury. If you or you know someone who is exhibiting any of these symptoms after getting hit in the head or after an accident, immediately seek treatment.
- Call 911 immediately
- Check the person’s airway and breathing. If necessary, perform CPR.
- Place ice packs to swollen areas
- If the person is vomiting, roll his body to the side to prevent choking. Make sure that you move his head, neck, and body as one unit.
- Stabilize the head and neck and prevent movement. Treat the person as if he has injured his spine as well.