The flea is both a parasite and a pest. They get stuck in the fur of pets and such the blood from them but can even be transferred to human where they also bite. There are a number of kinds of fleas that bite humans and pets and in fact there are three most common types – dog fleas, cat fleas, and human fleas.
The Bite of the Flea
Fleas survive through sucking the blood from animals whether you or your pet. While they can’t fly, they can jump up to two feet high and their mandibles allow them to break the skin and suck the blood, using their saliva to prevent the blood from coagulating. The saliva also acts as a pain killer so that the victim doesn’t feel the bite immediately. The flea quickly sucks out the blood and within a few minutes, the victim will start to feel the bite.
Because of the jumping range of the flea, they usually bite the human on the lower part of the leg and it appears as a small red dot that may have a red halo around it. The swelling and the redness may last anywhere between a few minutes to several hours depending on the type of flea. The bite is itchy but when scratched turns to be tender and painful.
The Risks Involved
While fleas are a nuisance, they can be very dangerous to the health as well. They carry disease-causing organisms, bacteria, and viruses that can make people very sick that have attached themselves from other victims. Unknowingly, many people infect themselves with bacteria by scratching the bites and exposing the under layers of skin to foreign substances. Another cause for concern is the allergy to flea bites that some people have.
The Methods to Get Rid of Flea Bites
There are a number of ways to get rid of these bites but you can first help yourself by accurately diagnosing them by the red dot and the itching, then by not scratching them. You can apply topical creams such as calamine lotion, menthol creams and camphor. These may take a few minutes to work but they are better options than some chemical means of relief. If you have an allergy, you may experience shortness of breath, severe itching and fever. You should seek professional medical attention in this case.
Prevention Works the Best
Flea control and prevention is always the best bet. You can do this by treating your pets with flea and tick soap, flea powder or other such things and even by using a flea collar. Keeping pets, their feeding areas, and the home clean is essential in the prevention of such outbreaks.