Mosquitoes are considered to be one of the most dangerous insects because of their ability to transmit disease. While their bites are itchy and annoying and may even bring about an allergic reaction, they have also been blamed for spreading fatal disease and are the cause of millions of deaths all over the globe. While they may not be considered as such a threat now, they are still a nuisance and cause plenty of people to lose sleep.
The Reason behind the Bite
What we might know as a bite isn’t actually a bite but is the method by which they suck the blood from their victim known as proboscis. While these creatures also eat nectar, they use blood as a supplement to their diet. Mosquitoes are normally active at dawn and at dusk at which time, it will find its victim, lightly land on their skin, applies its saliva which acts as anesthesia, and starts to draw the blood. The victim will feel the itch or pain of the bite once this pain killing features starts to wear off which is usually after a few minutes. This pain and itch is usually following by redness and swelling.
The Risks of Being Bitten
Many of the diseases that mosquitoes carry have a vaccine today but the bite is still considered dangerous. In the case that a person only receives a few bites, it may be bearable but many bites, especially for those who already have an allergy can be much more unpleasant and they must be treated. In the case that the victim is already carrying a disease and the mosquito happens to be also carrying a virus, this can be fatal in some cases, depending on the type of disease and virus. Such things known to be transmitted from these pests are malaria, dengue fever, yellow fever and encephalitis.
Treating the Bites
Anti-histamine creams can be applied to the bites and pain killers can be used. Cold showers can also relieve the itch, pain, and swelling. Natural remedies, such as applying a banana peel, offers immediate relief. The Aloe Vera plant, when broken open is used as a great healing agent. This also gives relief from the pain and itching. One important rule is not to scratch the bite as it only makes it worse. The more the bite is scratched, the worse it will feel.
While the itch of a bite lasts usually for only several minutes, if you are allergic, it can be accompanied by a shortness of breath, heart palpitations, and fever. In the case that you experience these symptoms, you are advised to see a medical practitioner right away.