Adenomyosis is not a life threatening ailment, but it can be quite painful for a woman who is afflicted with it. There are some natural remedies which help in dealing with adenomyosis and some other medical treatments do exist. But, the most effective cure is a hysterectomy (the removal of the uterus). This is a drastic step and shouldn’t be taken unless all other options have been exhausted.
What is Adenomyosis?
It is basically a condition wherein the endometrium or the uterus’ inner lining breaks through the myometrium or the uterus’ muscle wall. Adenomyosis can be the cause for heavy periods, severe menstrual cramps, and unbearable pressure in the lower abdomen area and also results in bloating before menstrual periods. The heavy bleeding and the unbearable pain that is associated with adenomyosis can negatively affect a woman’s health. This illness can exist throughout the uterus or can be focused on any one spot.
What are the causes of Adenomyosis?
There are a few theories about what causes Adenomyosis. Some of them are:
- Uterine surgery: Many medical experts feel that it is the invasive incisions made while carrying out the surgery that cause endometrial cells to invade into the muscled layers of the uterine area.
- Abnormally developed uterus: Some medical professionals feel that an abnormal development in the uterus during growth causes the endometrial cells to be formed in such a way that they are placed in the myometrium area (uterus).
- Inflammation of the uterus during childbirth: It has been observed that inflammation caused during the process of giving birth to a child can result in damage of the boundary between the endometrium and the myometrium and thus allow the cells of the endometrium to invade the uterus.
What symptoms should you look out for?
The symptoms of adenomyosis generally are bloating, abdominal pressure, severe menstrual cramps, prolonged and heavy menstrual bleeding, a feeling of heaviness in the uterus, painful menstrual cycles (dysmonorrhea), experiencing a lot of pain during sexual intercourse, bleeding during mid-cycle etc.
How can Adenomyosis be treated?
Most of the treatments for Adenomyosis depend on several factors like whether the woman in question has given birth to a child or has crossed the age for child-bearing. They also depend on what symptoms are being observed and how severe they are. If the symptoms observed are mild and if the woman is diagnosed with a mild case of Adenomyosis, then over-the-counter medication and a heating pad for comfort during cramps is all that is required.
However, if the case is severe, the options available are:
- Hormone therapy: If you experience extreme pain during your menstrual period (which is a major symptom of Adenomyosis), then you should avail of GnRH analogs, an IUD which releases hormones into the uterus or aromatase inhibitors.
- Endometrial ablation: This mildly invasive procedure basically does away with the uterus lining. This treatment is mostly found to be effective when Adenomyosis hasn’t penetrated very deeply into the muscled wall of the uterine area.
- Uterine artery embolization: This treatment is most commonly used for shrinking fibroids. It involves the blockage of blood vessels which provide blood to the adenomyosis. When the adenomyosis cannot receive blood anymore, it shrinks.
- Anti-inflammatory medications: Anti-inflammatory drugs, known as NSAIDs, help to take away the pain that is associated with adenomyosis.
Some women who develop Adenomyosis find themselves rendered infertile, especially if they have undergone a hysterectomy, in order to do away with Adenomyosis. While this is a major drawback of a hysterectomy, it is still the most effective cure for Adenomyosis. There are natural home remedies for Adenomyosis that one can find through the internet, but the effectiveness of these remedies is questioned till date.