So we have all read, heard, seen about goosebumps, goose pimples etcetera, but what exactly is it and how does it happen? Goosebumps usually happen when there is sudden change in temperature or when you experience emotions like fear, pleasure, nostalgia, love and sexual arousal. Goose bumps also happen in stressful situations. The muscle in the epidermis layer of the skin reacts due to various reasons causing the bump in the skin.
Goosebumps caused by this goes away in a short while and the best way to get rid of such goose bumps is by keeping yourself warm.
There is another form of chronic goose bumps called Keratosis Pilaris. Keratosis pilaris is a medical condition in which rough, red goose bumps appear on arms and legs and sometimes on the buttocks too. Keratosis pilaris is caused by a genetic disorder of the hair follicles in which excess protein called keratin is secreted by the hair follicles. These excess keratins are accumulated within the hair follicles that lead to formation of red color bumps on the skin. Keratin is a protein that is secreted by the hair follicles naturally and it is mainly responsible for keeping the hair follicle healthy. However, in some people there is excessive production of this protein leading to this condition. These bumps can be irritating at times and scratching it can only aggravate the problem.
Many people face this problem worldwide but most of the people avoid it, as it does no harm. However, to some of them it looks ugly and they are ready to go to any extent in order to remove these bumps. Here are some of the ways you can treat these red bumps on your skin.
Vitamin a Based Creams
Vitamin A is known to be good for skin and it is used to treat many skin related problems. Vitamin A based creams or retinoid creams help in removing the dead skin cells of your body faster, which also helps in disposing off the excess keratin that is clogged in the dead skin causing the red goose bumps. Apply vitamin A based creams daily for at least a few weeks before you can see some significant results.
Salicylic Acid Or Glycolic Acid Based Gels
When excess keratin is accumulated in the hair follicles, it clogs the pores of your skin and mixes with dead skin cells to form red goose bumps. Therefore, exfoliation is the key in treating goose bumps on your skin. Salicylic acid or glycolic acid in the gels goes under the skin and clears it from all the debris that is formed. It not only opens the pours but also removes the dead skin cells allowing it to breathe.
Wash The Area Twice A Day
It is very important to keep the area clean at all times in order to avoid build up of any dead skin cells that can mix with keratin and form these red colored bumps. Moreover, make sure that you use a gentle moisturizer on the affected area every night that contains lactic acid, salicylic acid or glycolic acid. These moisturizers will prevent the build of dead skin cells and brush your affected area gently using fiber brush that will further help in removing dead skin cells every morning. However, do not rub against the bumps too roughly as this may worsen the situation.
Microdermabrasion is a procedure that exfoliates and sands away the upper layer of the skin. It should be performed under the supervision of trained skin specialist or a dermatologist. In this process, diamond flakes are used to sand blast the epidermis layer of the skin that almost removes the upper layer of the skin. Even though microdermabrasion is usually painless, some people may face some allergy and it usually leads to inflammation of the skin for few weeks due to the sand blasting. However, once a new layer is formed it is completely fresh and free from any kind of debris such as dead skin cells or excess keratin.
However, make sure that you do not apply any products or cosmetics that contain salicylic acid, lactic acid, retinoid or glycolic acid as it may irritate the skin. One such session may last up to one hour depending on the area to be covered but one can resume to normal activity almost instantly after the session unless you are advised other wise by the doctor.
Take Bath Using Natural Pumice Stone
Take bath every day using natural pumice stone as pumice helps in exfoliating your skin and removes any dead skin cells. It also helps in opening the pores of your skin, which allows the keratin to be released from the body. However, do not rub the pumice stone too abrasively as it may irritate the goose bumps that may aggravate the problem for you. Another remedy is to rub half-sliced lemon with salt on the affected area as lemon and salt can help in exfoliating the skin gently. Lastly, if nothing works then you might need to visit a dermatologist as the problem may be deep rooted.