The prevalence of Lyme Disease is specifically high amongst people residing in forest surroundings. Highest incidence of occurrence is reported in Northern parts of America and Europe. It is a tick borne physical ailment propagated by ticks found on deer. These ticks are known to be the survival ground of the causal bacterium, Borrelia burgdoferi. While the deer ticks suck human blood, these bacteria are transferred to the human body, resulting in the onset of the Lyme Disease.
Aspects Elevating the Risk of Contraction
Since the disease is developed through a tick, there are certain aspects that tend to elevate your chances of contracting the Lyme Disease.
- Areas infested with deer ticks are the high risk regions of developing this disease. Those involved in professions requiring higher outdoor work are heavily prone to the disease. Even children loving outdoor play could be possible candidates.
- The ticks require raw, exposed flesh to suck blood. Therefore, improper clothing in vulnerable areas could add to the risk of contraction.
- The deer tick requires a minimal period of 3 to 4 days of attachment to human skin in order to transmit the causal bacterium into the blood vessels. Therefore, an early removal of the tick could minimize the risk.
The Signs of the Disease
The symptoms of Lyme Disease are believed to vary with the pace of progression of the ailment. The most affected organ systems of the body include skeletal system, nervous system and the skin. Some of the common signs indicating the disorder are as follows:
- The chief symptom of the disease is a rash referred to as erythema migrans. At the onset of the tick bite, one may just witness a minor bump. However, within a few days, this inflammation spreads its domain forming a red circular pattern.
- The occurrence of erythema migrans could be combined with high temperature, shivering, headache and general body pain.
- As the disease progresses to the other body parts, inflammation in the joints may be experienced. The knee joint is most vulnerable to this swelling.
- In extreme cases, neurological disorders encompassing numbness of arms and legs, malfunctioning of muscles, meningitis, and facial paralysis have also been reported.
- Secondary symptoms include swelling in the eyes and liver, improper heart rate and intense weakness.
The Diagnostic Procedure
Some of crucial steps in the diagnostic procedure include insight to patient’s medical history, physical examination of the rash and other symptoms, and conduct of certain important blood tests to confirm the disease.
Once the bacteria enter the bloodstream, the body’s immune process generates antibodies to combat the problem. This antibody generation process requires a few weeks. Blood tests such as ELISA and Western Blot are beneficial towards the identification of antibodies triggered by the entry of the bacteria.
Course of Treatment
The recovery path is particularly smooth if the disease is treated in the very early stages. Oral or intravenous course of antibiotics is the only mode of treatment. While oral medication is prescribed in the preliminary stages, intravenous administration may prove more helpful in the advanced stages of Lyme Disease. The good news is that whatever may be the course of treatment, the disease can be cured completely.
Alternative Channel of Treatment
Research highlights that approximately 300,000 of American population stands affected by Lyme Disease on an annual basis.
There are several who canvass alternate remedies to get rid of Lyme Disease.
- The underlying cause of the disease is a weakened immune system that is unable to combat the bacterium. Therefore, strengthening one’s immunity is a must. Incorporation of mushroom varieties like reishi and cordycep could enhance the immune reaction. Consuming Vitamin D3 supplements will also serve the same purpose.
- The impaired functioning of cells can be mobilized by adequate consumptions of nutrients such as omega-3 fatty acids, vitamin B complex, magnesium and CoQ10.
- Make your body potent to combat the adversities of the bacterium by increasing the intake of good bacteria. Incorporate probiotic laden foods in your daily diet regime.
Lyme Disease can be disturbing but do not lose heart as there is a definite cure. Adhere to the prescription but enhance your immune system by supplementary methods for a speedy recovery.