There are various types of physical pains that can affect human body, but Tic douloureux is among the worse ones. Also called trigeminal neuralgia, it denotes a stabbing and severe pain that affects one side of the face. Its roots are in one or more nerves that carry sensation to face, namely the trigeminal nerve. This can be really painful, making the victims scurrying for remedy.
Basics of Tic douloureux
The pain may last for a small time. A majority of the victims of Tic douloureux feel the severe pain in body parts like cheek, jaw or lip. The pain can be so severe that some victims become scared to talk or eat in the fear that doing so can intensify the sensation. It affects people, mostly in their middle age or later years. The victims of multiple sclerosis are said to be more affected by this condition than others.
Treatment of Tic douloureux
While Tic douloureux attacks can last for small durations the pain can turn more intensive with time. To ensure you do not have to suffer from intensifying bouts of pain you should opt for treatment. Both medications and surgical methods are used to treat and cure this condition.
Medications for Tic douloureux
You may opt for medications to get rid of Tic douloureux. However, some people may have to undergo certain side effects after taking these medications.
Antipasticity agents are administered to make the affected facial muscles relaxed. These can however cause drowsiness and nausea in some people. Anticonvulsant medications like carbamazepine and phenytoin are also used to treat this condition. These drugs are known for their ability to affect mood swings. In some cases, doctors recommend using oxycodone and morphine.
Surgical processes to treat Tic douloureux
There are a number of surgical procedures that can be used to help a person get relief from Tic douloureux. The surgical methods are aimed at stopping nerve mechanism or stopping blood flow from compressing the nerve.
- Electric current treatment, also called PSRTR can destroy nerve fibres responsible for the throbbing pain. This can make the face numb for a while and sedatives are used before deployment.
- Another surgical method called partial sensory rhizotomy is used to cut the trigeminal nerve path. An incision is made at the base of the victim’s brain.
- Radiation therapy is used to damage the nerve causing the pain. The treatment brings relief, but the victim feels the effect gradually. This procedure is quite painless and this explains why elderly victims, especially women opt for it.
- Microvascular decompression is used to relocate and eradicate blood vessels in touch with trigeminal root. To perform this method, a small incision needs to be made behind the ear.
- In Balloon Compression method a small sized balloon catheter is inserted through a needle in the nerve at the skull base. It is then inflated to damage the nerve. This effectively blocks pain signals.
Some specific substance and chemicals can be injected into the nerve causing the pain to bring relief to the victims. While the relief is not permanent in these methods, they are quite effective.
The major substances injected for reducing Tic douloureux pain include Botox, glycerol and alcohol. These do not cause much adverse effects on victims.
While you can opt for surgical or other methods for getting rid of Tic douloureux pain, precaution is necessary to keep the hazard at bay.
To avoid the pain when treatment is going on, refrain from the following activities
- Gargling with cold water
- Get stressed mentally or physically
- Not maintaining oral hygiene
- Exposing the face to cold wind