Most women suffer involuntary leakage of urine. Some will have leakage of few urine drops while others may have uncontrollably strong urge to pass urine. These symptoms are called Urinary incontinence (UI). Having this disease can be very embarrassing. Urinary incontinence can happen to men and women. However, women suffer the most because of childbirth and menopause.
Urinary incontinence is a medical problem that can be caused for both men and women due to diseases like neurologic injury, birth defects, stroke, and other diseases caused by ageing. Women feel embarrassing to bring the matter about their UI problems. Women who have small leakage of urine tackle the problem by using pads and other bulky undergarments.
There are many types of urinary incontinence. If you want to recover from this disease, you need to provide the information about the exact problem you are facing. The doctor will examine you and do some tests to find out the right treatment you will require. Treatment for urinary incontinence are of four types such as behavioral techniques, medication, use of devices, and surgery. The doctor will treat you depending on the severity of the disease.
Behavioral remedies are for those who can change their lifestyles. Behavioral techniques can work for all types of urinary incontinence, such as stress incontinence, urge incontinence, overactive bladder, etc. Behavioral methods include Kegel exercises to strengthen the muscles. This exercise will help you to hold the urine. Pelvic floor muscle exercises help in strengthening your urinary sphincter and pelvic floor muscles. This exercise is done by squeezing the muscles as you do to hold your urine and count three. Then relax and count to three and repeat doing it. You can do this exercise anywhere and anytime
Bladder training is the second method of behavioral techniques. The doctor may recommend you to hold the urine for a few minutes, when you have the urge to urine. You can gradually increase the time to hold the urine until your urge for urinating reaches every 2 to 4 hours. With this practice, you can stop the frequent urge for urinating.
You can fix a time to go to the toilet. You can schedule your trips to toilet. You should also follow diet management and intake of fluids. If your urinary incontinence is caused by alcohol or caffeine, you can avoid taking that. Your weight reduction can also help in solving UI problems. You can also take medicines along with behavioral remedies for better recovery. The doctor will prescribe you the right medications.
There are many medical devices available to treat UI. The medical devices are urethral inserts (inserted in the urethra) and pessary (a stiff ring inserted in the vagina). These devices are used to stop the flow of urine. You should remember that these devices are not for constant use. You need to keep consulting doctor to avoid urinary tract infection.
If all these methods do not solve your problem, you can go for a surgery. Surgery might require for men to remove the obstructive part of an enlarged prostrate gland. Surgery can correct the position of the bladder or uterus for women. Surgery may also require to bolster weakened urinary sphincter muscles.
Some of the other common methods are artificial urinary sphincter, bulking material injections, and sacral nerve stimulator. If no medical treatment help you recover from urinary incontinence, you can use pads, bulky garments, or catheter, which is a soft tube that can be inserted through the urethra into the bladder to drain the urine completely from the bladder.