Hypoglycemia, clinically termed as a biochemical condition of the human body, is caused by issues affecting the use and availability of glucose. It takes place when blood sugar becomes way too low to power the brain. It is seen more frequently in neonates and its occurrence is found less frequently in infants and toddlers. The most common causes of hypoglycemia in toddlers is application of insulin to treat type 1 diabetes. Other notable causes include irregularity in exercise and food. Prolonged fasting and wrong medication usage may lead to it.
Symptoms and Complications of Hypoglycemia
While the symptoms of hypoglycemia are numerous not all kids affected by the condition will exhibit the same symptoms. The major symptoms are:
The human brain is dependent on blood glucose for fuel. When the supply is reduced the ability to function is jeopardized. Prolonged hypoglycemia can cause damage to the brain as well.
Diagnosis of Hypoglycemia
Doctors may advise performing specific blood test to diagnose whether a child is suffering from this condition or not. At times, performing supervised fasting in a hospital may be required.
Ways To Treat Hypoglycemia In Toddlers
Before deciding what types of treatment will be suited for your kids undergoing hypoglycemia, the doctor will check the following factors:
- Age of the child and health condition
- Severity of the disorder
- Medication tolerance capacity of the child
Children with diabetes who develop hypoglycemia are treated in a way so that their blood sugar level stays within safe limits. The affected child may need to undergo several tests for checking blood sugar levels. Parents need to learn the symptoms and act accordingly. Diet is a very important factor in this regard.
Diet Guidelines To Control Hypoglycemia In Toddlers
- To treat bouts of low blood sugar, you need to give the child snacks and foods containing glucose. Examples include milk, orange juice, candy etc.
- It would be a good idea to give the affected child several small meals instead of a few large meals. This will help the child manage his blood sugar better.
- The meals should ideally comprise of protein derived from animal meat sources, source of complex carbs. The meal should also have whole-grain. Eating fibre rich foods can be helpful. For this, giving the toddler fresh vegetable, fruits and beans can be useful.
- It is also necessary to know what types of foods should not be given to a kid afflicted with hypoglycemia. Try not to give the kids foods replete in sugar, such as soda drinks, candy and caffeine laced beverages. This is necessary because foods that are digested fast lead to a surge in blood sugar followed by a quick decline. Complex carb based foods takes longer to digest and they offer a steady and slow stream of glucose.
Ideal Diet For A Child Affected By Hypoglycemia
If your child has suffered one or more phases of hypoglycemia, ensure he or she does not remain on empty stomach in the morning. Ensure the kid eats breakfast in time. A sample breakfast for a hypoglycemia affected kid is oatmeal with berries and low fat milk. Give him or her whole-grain crackers and low fat cheese for a mid-morning snack.
For lunch, you can offer the kid banana and peanut butter sandwich made with whole-wheat bread. Pair this with yogurt and carrot sticks. For mid-afternoon snack, sliced cucumbers and hummus will be good.
For dinner, you can offer the kid whole-wheat spaghetti, broccoli and turkey meatballs. Before bedtime, a glass of low-fat milk should be given.