Urinary incompetency or an overactive bladder is a health issue that is not uncommon. Many people suffer from this embarrassing problem. Below, is an article that aims to briefly explain it’s readers about the causes and possible treatment options of an overactive bladder. Any information furnished in this article is not to be considered as a replacement for a proper medical advice.
What Causes An Overactive Urinary Bladder?
The Reasons Behind An Overactive Bladder Might Be Many. Below Are Some Of The Most Commonly Encountered Ones:
It may be caused when the muscles of the bladder do not have sufficient strength/ tonicity or improper contractions to hold urine for much long and you feel an urgency to pee at frequent intervals.
Another cause could be dysfunctioning due to degenerative disorders, diabetic neuropathy or mechanical injury of the nervous system leading to issues with the signalling mechanisms of the brain to the urinary bladder.
Other, more frequent causes could be: UTI ( urinary tract infections), stones in urinary bladder or abnormal growths like tumours.
When Should You Suspect An Overactive Bladder?
- Frequent urination, much more than your routine habits.
- Urgency to urinate.
- Increase in frequency of urination at night. Usually, more than three times may indicate overactive bladder.
- Inability to hold urine leading to uncomfortable sensation.
- Urinary incontinence.
If you suffer from any of the above described symptoms, it is undoubtedly time to visit your health care provider.
How Can Overactive Bladder Be Treated?
You need to visit your general physician, who might then refer you to a urologist. Doctor would be able to diagnose your problem after a detailed history taking.
He might then recommend you to undergo a pelvis examination. A prostrate examination might be done for males. Other tests like radiographs, urine culture and sensitivity, routine urine examination might be undertaken.
How Can An Overactive Bladder Be Treated?
The Treatment Modalities Vary From Person To Person, Depending On The Cause Behind The Overactive Bladder.
- Kegel exercises/ pelvic exercises that enable a person to have a better control over his bladder muscles are believed to be useful if, done regularly for at least 8 weeks for a span of 30 minutes, each day.
- Vaginal weight training exercises might be recommended to women.
- Behavioural counselling and training can be up taken. This is also known as bladder training. It takes time to work so, you need to be patient. Over time, it would help you increase the intervals between your trips to bathroom.
- Certain medications that are aimed to improve the tone of Detrusor muscle that come from a category of drugs called anti cholinergics are often prescribed by your doctor. Common symptoms arising out of these medications are : Dry mouth and constipation.
- Your blood sugar levels, if high would be brought under control by use of anti diabetic drugs.
- In case of urinary infections, you will be prescribed a course of antibiotics to bring the infection under control.
- Vitamin supplements, on recommendation of your doctor can be taken. They are believed to reduce oxidative stress and help with urinary incontinence.
- Nueromodulation techniques or electrical stimulation with mild electrical pulses that are aimed towards nerves that control the bladder are another treatment option. Sacral nerve is most commonly targeted.
- In severe cases, surgery remains an option.
Home Care For An Overactive Bladder
- If your urinary incontinence is due to infections in urinary tract, cranberry juice remains your best bet. Other juices that can be consumed are: Apple juice and grape juice.
- Do not smoke. Nicotine is considered a slow offender.
- Shed some weight as obesity adds to the woes of an incompetent bladder by weakening the muscles that control your urinary flow.
- Cut down on your intake of tea, coffee , sodas and alcohol.
- Avoid eating: hot spices, tomatoes , honey, sugars and chocolates.
- Herbal alternatives to treat an overactive bladder include: a herb called Gosha-jinki-gan, Buchu plant, saw palmetto, quercetin etc.
Last but not the least, all the remedies take their own time to work so, you should be prepared for accidents and leakage. Always, empty your bladder before leaving home. Use of absorbent pads is another preventive step.