There are many medical conditions that people are embarrassed to speak about. Anal fissures are one of these and they can be downright uncomfortable. They are very painful and can lead to more serious problems if not treated early. There are a few things you can try to get rid of them.
The causes of anal fissures
It is important to know the cause of anal fissures so that you can stop them from happening to you. One of the more common causes is constipation, which weakens the anal wall and predisposes you to anal fissures. Childbirth is another cause and even with women who are pregnant the risk of anal fissures increases. Other causes include passing of hard and large stools, diarrhea and unsafe sex practices.
Getting the right diet
Not eating properly can lead to abnormal stools which can predispose you to anal fissures. In order to prevent this you should eat a balanced diet. A diet containing a lot of fiber and water will help to heal minor anal fissures. This you can get from bran, oats, and brown bread. Then focus on getting in vitamins and minerals. This means several servings of fruits and vegetables. This doesn’t mean a bland diet. There are a number of ways you can prepare your food s that it tastes good.
One of the ways to aggravate anal fissures is to use force in order to clean the area. In this case you want to be gentle. The best thing to use is soft toilet paper that is not moisturized. Also stay away from the scented paper because that can cause irritation. A mild soap is fine to use but harsher ones will cause more harm than good. If you have serious anal fissures then consult a doctor as to the best method of cleaning.
For serious anal fissures conservative measures will not treat it completely. Surgery is an option that needs to be considered in this case. During the procedure a piece of the lateral internal anal sphincter is removed. There are times where this is performed under local anesthesia but usually if there is no clear and present danger then they will suggest an operation under general anesthesia. The surgery lasts for about an hour for most patients, and total recovery time is around three weeks. This is a good method of getting rid of chronic and deep anal fissures.