Melanoma is considered as one of the most common and dangerous varieties of cancers. There are various types of treatments available for this disease. However, the selection of treatment depends on the stage of cancer and age of the patient. Some of the most common solutions for melanoma include:
Surgery is a very effective solution for melanoma. Almost every person wants to get rid of the affected lymph nodes. Surgery is the only answer for them. If the cancer is observed to be spreading towards your nodes, or if it already has, there is no other treatment more effective than a surgery. Your physician is likely to advise you about certain other treatments, but your primary concern should be an immediate surgery. The additional treatments ensure your fast recovery.
Chemotherapy is considered as one of the hardest treatments, as it includes drugs and other materials that are used to destroy the cancer cells, inside your body. You can consume it in the form of pills. However, the most common sort of administration is via blood vessels, through injecting it in the arm of the person concerned. Isolated limb perfusion is another alternative. During this procedure, the blood vessels are blocked for a certain amount of time. The blood in the leg or arm is not allowed to travel. This helps the drug to travel around the precise infected area.
A high powered energy beam is employed on the infected area of the body, during this procedure. The beams of waves are pretty much similar to those of X-Rays. These beams are so powerful that they kill the cancer cells inside the body of the patient. Most of the times, radiation therapy is preferred on any other treatment, due to its immediate results. Radiation therapy is considered as ideal for conditions when the cancer spreads to almost ever organ of the body. Fatigue is the obvious side-effect of this treatment. The majority of the patients feel it after undergoing melanoma treatment. It is due to the fact that our body uses high amount of energy, during this operation.
A strong immune system is a must for fighting cancer. Immunotherapy is the best option for such patients. It helps you to boost your internal immunity. The substances used during this therapy are prepared in the laboratory. We can regard them as a replica of the substances prepared inside our bodies. Chill, headache, fever, muscle ache and fatigue are some of the side effects associated with this treatment.
Preventive Measures for avoiding Melanoma Cancer
If people prevent themselves from the harmful UVB and UVA rays, they can prevent themselves from this cancer. Melanoma is considered as the sixth most spread cancer among both genders. The UVA and UVB rays are at its peak during the time between 10 am and 4 pm, during the day. Therefore, it is important for us to protect ourselves from burning sun, during this time. Always use sun protection before going out in the sun. You are suggested re-apply sunscreen every two hours, if you go out in the sunlight for longer period of time.