Most people are afraid of spiders, and spider phobias are among the most common irrational fears. Most spiders are harmless.Experts say that worries about spider bites are overrated, but spider bites do still happen to humans. The experts state that it takes provocation for a spider to bite a human.
Most people do not like spiders in their home. The best way is to get rid of their food sources, as this is what often attracts spiders. Since spiders are predators they gravitate to a food source such as an occasional or thriving insect population. Spiders are predators, and their presence in your house is related to available food.
In the rare circumstances that you are bitten by a spider, it’s a good idea to capture it if you can. This is in case you have an allergic reaction. Then medical care providers can know what kind of spider it was. You can capture the spider by carefully lowering an inverted glass or jar over them and then sliding a piece of paper underneath the opening to trap it. If you suffer no reaction from the bite within 6 hours, let the spider go – preferably outside your house.
The More Dangerous Spiders
The rest of this article deals with two of the more dangerous spiders. You will learn where to find them, how to decrease their numbers, and what to do if someone gets bit by one.
Brown recluse spiders—these spiders have long thin legs, light tan to brown bodies and a violin-shaped mark on their backs. They are outgoing hunters by nature as they leave nests at night in search of prey. Most brown recluse spider bites are a result of the spiders being surprised. For example, they might be hiding out in clothing or bedding, hoping to prey on a food source, and then accidently come into contact with a person’s skin.
These spiders are native to the U.S. and are usually found in: Texas, Oklahoma, Kansas, Nebraska, Iowa, Montana, Arkansas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, Georgia, Tennessee, Kentucky, Indiana, Illinois, and northern Florida.
If you are looking for these spiders and want to remove them–inside, focus near the floor and look in stacks of papers and piles of things, closet floors, clothing and bedding that is in contact with the floor. Also check underneath cabinets and in corners. Outside, look in and around debris piles, stacks of things, rocks, logs, inner tubes, tires, ditches, holes and crevices. These spiders will nest in dark, undisturbed places so look anywhere that fits that description. Don’t forget places where a child can go.
Treating a brown recluse spider bite–reactions to their bite can range from none at all, to painful sores that take much time to heal. Fatalities are extremely rare, and usually occur in high-risk groups like children and the sick and elderly. Bite reactions often turn into hard, bluish sores that take weeks to heal but in some cases turn into large wounds that might take months to heal and leave scars.
If someone is bitten, it is very important to capture the spider dead or alive so it may be identified, but try not to crush it. Apply ice to the person’s wound and get the victim to the doctor immediately.
Black widow spiders–the males have yellow and red stripes or dots on their back and are harmless. The females are dangerous, and appear black with a red hourglass shape on the abdomen. The female spiders are only found on their webs and normally run away from a person. Most bites are a result of the spider’s web being disturbed.
It is important to understand that if you kill a black widow, it’s likely another might appear at the same place. So when you locate one, after killing it, you should seek to make the area in which they were found less attractive as a hiding place.
Black widow spiders like to build their nests in dark, undisturbed places close to the ground. The webs themselves are usually small with a thick den spun into the center in which the spider takes up residence during the daytime.
Locating and removing black widow spiders–black widow spiders are found throughout the entire western hemisphere. The female spiders hide inside the central den during the daytime, emerging at night to sit in the center of their webs. The best time to go hunting for them is at night with a flashlight. Search in small holes and crevices around building foundations and outdoor furniture. Also check storage sheds and any place that a child is able to go. If you locate one, use a stick to squish it against the side of its hiding place and then do your best to remove the hiding place.
Treating black widow spider bites—their bite is a neurotoxin which affects the nerves and is extremely painful. The fatality rate for black widow spider bites is under 5% but the pain and discomfort is intense and can last for days. If someone gets bitten by a black widow, wash the bite well with soap and water, do your best to capture the spider and then head to your doctor immediately. If fortunate, the spider may not have injected any venom during the bite.