Dengue is a near fatal fever that is caused by a mosquito bite. It is transmitted by mosquitoes and causes skin rashes, high fever, and body and joint aches. Dengue is endemic in subtropical and tropical regions. Because of debilitating pain people suffer, dengue also is known as “dandy fever” and “breakbone”.
As per the World Health Organization, about 50 to 100 million people get infected by dengue every year. However, the number of infected is increasing due to environmental changes, increased urban crowding and international travelers carrying the disease to new places.
Dengue is caused by the Aedes Aegypti and Aedes Albopictus mosquitoes. It can only be transmitted to a human by mosquito bite. Human to human transmission is not possible. So, you cannot get dengue if you are looking after a sick relative or family member.
Dengue-causing mosquitoes tend to bite during the day, unlike malaria-causing mosquitoes, which bite at sunset and night.
[ Read: How To Treat Chikungunya ]
Signs & Symptoms
It takes anywhere from 3 to 15 days after virus transfer for the actual symptoms of the disease to manifest. The initial few hours may cause high fever, joint pain and muscle aches. These are later followed by headache, rashes, chills and swollen lymph nodes.
Another common symptom that most dengue patients experience is pain behind the eyes. One should keep in mind that these signs last for about 4 to 5 days and then disappear on their own to reappear after a while.
One can see rash covering entire body. However, the rash does not appear on the face. A person suffering from dengue fever may also suffer from severe abdominal pain, low blood pressure and heavy bleeding.
Few people are prone to severe symptoms, like hemorrhagic areas in gums, skin and gastrointestinal tract. Dengue is more common amongst children under the age of 15. It can be fatal, if not treated on time.
[ Read: How To Cure Mosquito Bites In Babies ]
Dengue causes lot of pain and often people take pain relievers, like aspirin and other NSAIDs. However, these medicines should not be taken during dengue, as the virus has a tendency to cause hemorrhage and the pain relievers can slow down the clotting of the blood.
Of course, dengue should be treated by a doctor, but there are home remedies that can prove to be effective.
Natural Home Remedies for Dengue Fever
Home care is a great way to keep dengue at bay. Oral hydration and pain control using herbs like turmeric and garlic can be done.
Here are few home remedies for dengue fever that can really be a great help to dengue patients:
- Neem Leaves: Neem is one of the best purifying agents. Take a bath with water containing neem leaves and apply neem oil on the body.
- Water: Fluid loss in the body is replaced by drinking water. So keep drinking as much water as possible. It will also help in cooling down the body and bringing down temperature.
- Coriander Leaves: Coriander leaves can be boiled in water and later taken as syrup to bring down dengue fever.
- Vitamin C: Fruits like amla (Indian gooseberry) and oranges are prescribed for dengue patients as Vitamin C helps in better absorption of iron and also helps to boost the body’s immunity to fight the virus.
- Chyawanprash: Chyawanprash is an herbal blend that is renowned for boosting immunity. It also helps purify blood and increase blood count.
- Kakamachi: Kakamachi syrup helps in getting rid of negative toxins and cools down the body. It works on the stomach and has a cooling effect on it.
- Howgweed: Howgeed is an herb that can bring down dengue fever tremendously. The perspiration produced by this herb cleanses toxins from the body. This profuse sweating helps in bringing down the temperature.
- Hermal: Seeds of Hermal can be powered and consumed to help reduce fever caused by dengue.
- Tulsi: Also known as Holy Basil, you can brew a tea with tulsi leaves and sip the soothing drink. This helps to boost the body’s immunity and can help in keeping the infection at bay. Alternatively, you can chew 5 tulsi leaves early morning every day to enjoy the same benefits.
- Papaya Juice: Papaya juice can treat dengue fever effectively. Use papaya leaves to make a juice and drink it. This juice can rebuild your platelet count.
- Raw Papaya Leaves: Take raw papaya leaves and pound them. Then strain to extract the juice. One leaf can produce about a teaspoon of juice. A dengue patient would need two teaspoons of this juice. For best results, don’t add anything to the juice. However, ensure you only pound the leaf and not its stem. Papaya contains papain, which is an enzyme and helps to dissolve proteins. It works wonders in case of stomach infection and indigestion.
- Tulsi with Pepper: Grind 10 tulsi (Holy Basil) leaves with one peppercorn and have it with water to get rid of dengue fever.
- Cassia: There is anecdotal evidence to show the fever reduces with the help of cassia tree roots.
- Belladonna: Dhatura or belladonna leaves can be used to reduce the intensity of dengue fever. You can chew the leaves, but be careful of its hallucinogenic effects!
- Fenugreek: Fenugreek leaves when be taken along with your black tea to reduce fever and cleanse the body.
- Fresh Fruit Juice: One can also use pomegranate juice and orange juice to increase blood count in dengue patients.
Dengue fever can be fatal if not treated on time. If you see any of the symptoms, consult a doctor immediately. You can simultaneously start using these home remedies which are very effective in case of dengue. Moreover, they don’t have any side effect. Take precautions and prevent proliferation of mosquitoes in your home and surroundings. That is the only way to reduce incidences of dengue. Make sure you use mosquito repellent and also wear clothes that cover your body when venturing out.